What is the Current Situation?
Dengue virus is present in all tropical and many subtropical areas worldwide. The mosquitoes that carry dengue bite most often in the morning and evening and during hot, wet times of the year. However, they can bite and spread infection all year long and at any time of day.
For up-to-date, country-specific information on dengue, see the Dengue Map on the CDC website.
Africa and the Indian Ocean Islands
As of August 2012, cases of probable dengue continue to occur in Mogadishu, Somalia. As of May 2012, probable dengue cases have been reported in eastern Kenya, and dengue cases have been confirmed in Mandera, Kenya. The Kenyan Ministry of Health and local health officials have been working with local hospitals and clinics to monitor the situation.
South Pacific and Southeast Asia
An outbreak of dengue in the Federated States of Micronesia resulted in more than 1,200 cases and two deaths from September 2011 to April 2012. Starting in July 2012, cases have increased on Yap Main Island. Cases of probable dengue are also being reported in the Yap Outer Islands.Confirmed dengue cases have been reported in US travelers returning from destinations in Asia, specifically the Philippines and Thailand.
Singapore, Malaysia, Cambodia, Taiwan, the Philippines, Vietnam, India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand are among the countries reporting dengue activity in 2012. Australia also continues to report sporadic dengue activity in areas of northern Queensland. For more information about dengue reports, visit the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Regional Office and theWHO South-East Asia Regional Office websites.
The Americas and the Caribbean
In 2012, dengue cases have been reported in most countries in Latin America. Confirmed dengue cases have been reported in US travelers returning from Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico..
Dengue activity is reported occasionally throughout the Middle East, including areas popular with travelers such as Jeddah in Saudi Arabia. Currently, dengue cases are being reported in Pakistan and Yemen.
For more information about dengue and protection measures, see the following links:
- Dengue Fever in CDC Health Information for International Travel 2012
- Mosquito and Tick Protection
- Questions and Answers: Insect Repellent Use and Safety
- CDC Dengue website
For more information about dengue in travelers, see
- Travel-Associated Dengue Surveillance—United States, 2006–2008 [MMWR 2010, 59 (23)]
- Travel-Associated Dengue—United States, 2005 [MMWR 2006, 55 (25)].
- Travel-Associated Dengue Infections—United States, 2001-2004 [MMWR 2005, 54 (22)]